What are the symptoms of MCI?
Possible MCI symptoms are described by the Alzheimer’s Society, as follows:
- Problems with memory: forgetting recent events, trouble remembering where and when you put things down or repeatedly asking the same question
- Problems with reasoning, planning or problem-solving
- Attention: trouble maintaining focus on something
- Language: struggling to find the right word
- Visual depth perception: struggling to interpret an object in three dimensions, judge distances or navigate stairs.
How to diagnose MCI or dementia?
Our multidisciplinary team at Psychiatry-UK is able to offer expert assessment and support for people dealing with MCI or dementia.
An assessment with a psychiatrist will involve a discussion of your symptoms and how they have affected your day-to-day life.
The psychiatrist will perform a mental state examination (MSE) to assess your symptoms objectively including specific tests to gauge your ability to think clearly or to remember things.
Further investigations may also be necessary, such as blood tests (e.g. to check for any vitamin B12 or thyroid deficiencies) and sometimes a brain scan. A scan is important not only for supporting a diagnosis of dementia, but also for revealing other medical conditions that can cause dementia-like symptoms.
Our specialist will then discuss these findings with you.
The diagnosis of MCI or dementia is based on:
- the psychiatric interview
- the evaluation of your ability to function independently on a daily basis
- the collateral history provided by your GP and/or your next of kin
- results from the memory tests
- result from a head scan
Personal care plan for MCI
This is designed for sufferers whose cognitive decline is not severe enough to have a significant impact on daily life, but is greater than in normal ageing or in SCI.
- Online sessions of memory strategies to improve your wellbeing, delivered by our collaborators at Memory Matters
- Dementia prevention through lifestyle-based interventions aimed at reducing dementia risk factors.