Different types of dementia and cognitive impairment

Dementia can seriously affect the daily lives of sufferers. Learn more about the symptoms and how MemoryClinix can help…


What are the main types of dementia?

World icon

50 million

people worldwide have dementia

People icon

42,000 people

are living with young-onset dementia

Brain icon

Alzheimer’s disease

is the most common form of dementia

Brain icon

Vascular dementia

is the second most common type of dementia

According to the World Health Organisation, the number of people with dementia is expected to triple from 50 million to 152 million by 2050.

Here is a brief guide to the main types of dementia:

    • Alzheimer’s disease: the most common cause of dementia, Alzheimer’s first affects short-term memory.
    • Vascular dementia: the second most common type of dementia, it is caused by a reduced blood flow to the brain.
    • Lewy body dementia (DLB): the Alzheimer’s Society UK says that DLB accounts for up to 20% of all dementia. Common symptoms include memory loss, visual hallucinations, difficulties with movement and very disturbed sleep.
    • Dementia in Parkinson’s disease: patients with Parkinson’s disease have a higher-than-average risk of developing dementia. This accounts for 2% of all UK dementia cases.
    • Frontotemporal dementia (FTD): one of the less common types, it is sometimes called Pick’s disease or frontal lobe dementia. FTD affects two main areas: personality/behaviour and language.
    • Young onset dementia: if you develop dementia under the age of 65, this is ‘young-onset dementia’. It affects more than 42,000 people in the UK.
    • Pseudodementia: also known as depression-related cognitive dysfunction, it is a condition where cognition function can be temporarily decreased and it is reversible on antidepressant treatment.

How can MemoryClinix help?

Here is how our online Memory Clinix service works:


STEP ONE: Initial assessment

Includes medical and psychiatric history, mental state examination and cognitive and daily living activities (ADLs) testing. It might also be necessary to organise dementia blood tests and a CT head scan.


STEP TWO: Diagnosis and treatment consultation

Following the results of the tests mentioned in step one, we will be able to put a diagnosis. Once a diagnosis is made we can formulate a personal care plan tailored to the patient’s needs.


STEP THREE: Post diagnosis support and follow-up

We can advise on support services and treatments using trusted specialists registered on our HLP-U directory.

Research published in 2017 in Dementia and Geriatic Cognitive Disorders journal has found that the benefits of a person-centred management programme intervention were 967% greater than anti-dementia treatment alone.

Personal care plan

A personal care plan can include the following services:

  1. Pharmacological: recommending medication.
  2. Monitoring blood pressure and heart rate.
  3. Virtual cognitive stimulation therapy sessions to stimulate memory and thinking.
  4. Virtual carers support groups providing education about dementia and how to communicate with sufferers.
  5. Talking therapy.
  6. Occupational therapy to maintain independence and safety at home.
  7. Mobile app that uses music therapy for patients with moderate to advanced dementia.
MemoryClinix - Doctor looking at medical results for MCI and Dementia, with patient
MemoryClinix - Older woman on laptop looking happy

Support services

Whether you are a sufferer or know someone who has been diagnosed with dementia, we offer a range of virtual support services and pharmaceutical interventions, including:

  • Medication: we recommend specific antidementia medication that can slow down the progression of cognitive symptoms of dementia, and other psychotropic drugs to counter the non-cognitive symptoms such as depression, anxiety, apathy, poor motivation, agitation, challenging behaviour, irritability, wandering or sleep disturbance.
  • Occupational therapy: our experts will conduct a remote assessment of the home environment and daily activities to identify any emotional, behavioural and cognitive needs. Follow-up support may be necessary, such as skills sessions on managing daily life.
  • Virtual cognitive stimulation therapy (vCST)*: sessions cover themed activities designed to improve the mental abilities and memory of people with mild to moderate dementia.
  • Virtual carers support groups (vCSG)*: four coaching sessions per month to offer carers practical help, such as communication techniques, and personal support.

Based on our support services, we will formulate a personal care plan adapted to your personal needs, history and habits.

* Both the vCST and vCSG sessions include talking therapy and are facilitated by our partners from Memory Matters to whom we will refer our patients and family carers following an initial online assessment and diagnosis.

Meet the MemoryClinix team here

Memory problems — help for all

There are many reasons you may be looking for help for your Memory loss and dementia concerns. Find your reason below to get the best help with MemoryClinix.

I’m concerned about a family member

I’m concerned about my own memory

Advice on dementia prevention

I have a family history of dementia

Advice on mild cognitive impairment

Advice on living with dementia

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